By Nuria Saldanha, Kat Long and Rai Chakravarty
U.N. climate discussions in Paris this week have touched on the need for cleaner energy technology to replace oil and coal, two of the most polluting fossil fuels that also contribute to global warming. The U.S. is the biggest consumer of fossil fuels and the biggest producer of crude oil in the world. According to data compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, American crude oil production is at its highest level since 1985, at 13,973 barrels per day—more than Saudi Arabia.
U.S. production has increased in response to fewer imports of foreign oil. Yet overall, production has slowed in response to oversupply. Americans are consuming less petroleum and coal and more gas and renewable energy. This story will explore the different forces, such as abundant natural gas recovered by fracking, that affect crude oil production in the U.S. The piece will also look at how the current push toward developing cleaner energy resources might affect oil production and consumption.
Using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, this story will employ a map of the U.S. to show crude oil production by state. Users will be able to click on states to see the barrels-per-day rate for 2014, the last year for which current data is available, and the percentage increase or decrease in production since 1985. A possible second visualization will show U.S oil consumption since that year.
Press contact, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Crude oil analyst
Senior trading analyst, Statoil